Science lesson planning checkpoints
Tasks that prompt students to show their reasoning are great for formative assessment purposes, but only if they help you delve deeply into what students are thinking! This planning tool provides useful checkpoints for designing tasks that ask students to write evidence-based explanations in science. (Recommendations based on analysis of 76 assessment tasks and 707 samples of student work.)
 Kang, H., Thompson, J., & Windschitl, M. (2014). Creating opportunities for students to show what they know: The role of scaffolding in assessment tasks. Science Education, 98(4), 674-704.
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